A Roadmap for Quantum Interconnects

A Roadmap for Quantum Interconnects

A Roadmap for Quantum Interconnects” is the result of the collective work of a team of Q-NEXT members and participants from academia, industry and U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories.

The roadmap provides direction for quantum interconnects research and its impact for quantum information science and technology, addressing the role of quantum interconnects in three emerging areas: quantum computing, communication and sensing. It reviews the materials, components and systems used for these purposes; summarizes relevant scientific questions and issues; and addresses the most pressing research needs. The document distills these considerations into recommendations for strategic science and technology research imperatives for the next decade.

In addition to informing Q-NEXT’s internal activities, the roadmap was created with a broader objective of developing a guide for key issues and research needed over the next decade for the worldwide scientific and engineering community interested in quantum information.

View Q-NEXT-supported research on Q-NEXT’s Google Scholar page.


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B. Jangid, M. R. Hermes, L. Gagliardi. “Core binding energy calculations: a scalable approach with the quantum embedding-based equation-of-motion coupled-cluster method.” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2024, 15, 22, 5954–5963. May 29, 2024. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.4c00957

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R. D’Cunha, M. Otten, M. R. Hermes, L. Gagliardi, S. K. Gray. “State preparation in quantum algorithms for fragment-based quantum chemistry.” J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2024, 20, 8, 3121–3130. April 5, 2024. doi:10.1021/acs.jctc.3c01283

X. Yang, P. Mukherjee, M. Kim, H. Mei, C. Fang, S. Choi, Y. Tong, S. Perlowski, D. A. Czaplewski, A. M. Dibos, M. A. Kats, J. T. Choy. “Atomic magnetometry using a metasurface polarizing beamsplitter in silicon on sapphire.” April 2, 2024. arXiv:2404.02102

C. Ji, M. T. Solomon, G. D. Grant, K. Tanaka, M. Hua, J. Wen, S. K. Seth, C. P. Horn, I. Masiulionis, M. K. Singh, S. E. Sullivan, F. J. Heremans, D. D. Awschalom, S. Guha, A. M. Dibos. “Nanocavity-mediated purcell enhancement of Er in TiO2 thin films grown via atomic layer deposition.” ACS Nano 2024, 18, 14, 9929–9941. March 27, 2024. doi:10.1021/acsnano.3c09878

Y. Xiao, L. Phuttitarn, T. M. Graham, C. Wan, M. Saffman, M. A. Kats. “Lateral beam shifts and depolarization upon oblique reflection from dielectric mirrors.” Annalen der Physik. March 25, 2024. doi:10.1002/andp.202400028

J. Hu, E. Lorchat, X. Chen, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, T. F. Heinz, P. A. Murthy, T. Chervy. “Quantum control of exciton wavefunctions in 2D semiconductors.” Science Advances, 10, eadk6369. March 20, 2024. doi:10.1126/sciadv.adk6369

R. Ellerbrock, K. G. Johnson, S. Seritan, H. Hoppe, J. H. Zhang, T. Lenzen, T. Weike, U. Manthe, T. J. Martinez. “QuTree: a tree tensor network package.” J. Chem. Phys. 160, 112501. March 18, 2024. doi:10.1063/5.0180233

K. Ji, E. Chitambar. “Incompatibility as a resource for programmable quantum instruments.” PRX Quantum 5, 010340. March 7, 2024. doi:10.1103/PRXQuantum.5.010340

H. S. Stokowski, D. J. Dean, A. Y. Hwang, T. Park, O. T. Celik, T. P. McKenna, M. Jankowski, C. Langrock, V. Ansari, M. J. Fejer, A. H. Safavi-Naeini. “Integrated frequency-modulated optical parametric oscillator.” Nature 627, 95–100 (2024). March 6, 2024. doi:110.1038/s41586-024-07071-2

O. Nagib, P. Huft, A. Safari, M. Saffman. “Robust atom-photon gate for quantum information processing.” Phys. Rev. A 109, 032602. March 5, 2024. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.109.032602

E. S. Cooper, P. Kunkel, A. Periwal, M. Schleier-Smith. “Graph states of atomic ensembles engineered by photon-mediated entanglement.” Nat. Phys. (2024). March 1, 2024. doi:10.1038/s41567-024-02407-1

C. Oh, S. Chen, Y. Wong, S. Zhou, H.-Y. Huang, J. A. Nielsen, Z.-H. Liu, J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, U. L. Andersen, L. Jiang. “Entanglement-enabled advantage for learning a bosonic random displacement channel.” Feb. 29, 2024. arXiv:2402.18809

S.-u. Lee, C. Oh, Y. Wong, S. Chen, L. Jiang. “Universal spreading of conditional mutual information in noisy random circuits.” Feb. 28, 2024. arXiv:2402.18548

J. C. Marcks, M. Onizhuk, N. Delegan, Y.-X. Wang, M. Fukami, Maya Watts, A. A. Clerk, F. J. Heremans, G. Galli, D. D. Awschalom. “Guiding diamond spin qubit growth with computational methods.” Phys. Rev. Materials 8, 026204. Feb. 28, 2024. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.8.026204

S. Meesala, S. Wood, D. Lake, P. Chiappina, C. Zhong, A. D. Beyer, M.D. Shaw, L. Jiang, O. Painter. “Non-classical microwave–optical photon pair generation with a chip-scale transducer.” Feb. 23, 2024. Nat. Phys. (2024). doi:10.1038/s41567-024-02409-z

A. Anferov, K.-H. Lee, F. Zhao, J. Simon, D. I. Schuster. “Improved coherence in optically defined niobium trilayer-junction qubits.” Physical Review Applied 21, 024047. Feb. 23, 2024. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.21.024047

B. P. Marsh, R. M. Kroeze, S. Ganguli, S. Gopalakrishnan, J. Keeling, B. L. Lev. “Entanglement and replica symmetry breaking in a driven-dissipative quantum spin glass.” Phys. Rev. X 14, 011026. Feb. 22, 2024. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.14.011026

J. Trimble, B. Gould, F. J. Heremans, S. S.-L. Zhang, D. D. Awschalom, J. Berezovsky. “Parallel pumping of magnons in inhomogeneous spin textures probed through NV spin relaxometry.” Journal of Applied Physics. Feb. 21, 2024. doi:10.1063/5.0192063

G. D. Grant, J. Zhang, I. Masiulionis, S. Chattaraj, K. E. Sautter, S. E. Sullivan, R. Chebrolu, Y. Liu, J. B. Martins, J. Niklas, A. M. Dibos, S. Kewalramani, J. W. Freeland, J. Wen, O. G. Poluetkov, F. J. Heremans, D. D. Awschalom, S. Guha. “Optical and microstructural characterization of Er3+ doped epitaxial cerium oxide on silicon.” APL Mater. 12, 021121. Feb. 20, 2024. doi:10.1063/5.0181717

A. Anferov, S. P. Harvey, F. Wan, K. H. Lee, J. Simon, D. I. Schuster. “Low-loss millimeter-wave resonators with an improved coupling structure.” Supercond. Sci. Technol 37 035013. Feb. 8, 2024. doi:10.1088/1361-6668/ad22ff

Z. Wang, L. Jiang. “Passive environment-assisted quantum transduction with GKP states.” Jan. 30, 2024. arXiv:2401.16781

Z. Huang, A. R. C. McCray, Y. Li, D. J. Morrow, E. K. Qian, D. Y. Chung, M. G. Kanatzidis, C. Phatak, X. Ma. “Raman shifts in two-dimensional van der Waals magnets reveal magnetic texture evolution.” Nano Letters. Jan. 29, 2024.

J. Larson, M. Menickelly, J. Shi. “A novel noise-aware classical optimizer for variational quantum algorithms.” Jan. 18, 2024. arxiv:2401.10121

Z. W. Riedel, D. P. Shoemaker. “Design rules, accurate enthalpy prediction, and synthesis of stoichiometric Eu3+ quantum memory candidates.” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2024, 146, 3, 2113–2121. Jan. 12, 2024. doi:10.1021/jacs.3c11615

J. Liu, Minzhao Liu, J.-P. Liu, Z. Ye, Y. Wang, Y. Alexeev, J. Eisert, L. Jiang. “Towards provably efficient quantum algorithms for large-scale machine-learning models.” Nature Communications. Jan. 10, 2024.

R. G. Povey, M.-H. Chou, G. Andersson, C. R. Conner, J. Grebel, Y. J. Joshi, J. M. Miller, H. Qiao, X. Wu, H. Yan, A. N. Cleland. “Two-dimensional optomechanical crystal resonator in gallium arsenide.” Physical Review Applied. Jan. 10, 2024. doi/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.21.014015

C. Oh, Y. Lim, Y. Wong, B. Fefferman, L. Jiang. “Quantum-inspired classical algorithm for molecular vibronic spectra.” Jan. 10, 2024. Nat Phys.

G. Zheng, W. He, G. Lee, L. Jiang. “The near-optimal performance of quantum error correction codes.” Jan. 4, 2024. arXiv:2401.02022

M. Fukami, J. C. Marcks, D. R. Candido, L. R. Weiss, B. Soloway, S. E. Sullivan, N. Delegan, F. J. Heremans, M. E. Flatté, D. D. Awschalom. “Magnon-mediated qubit coupling determined via dissipation measurements.” PNAS. Jan. 3, 2024.


D. T. Chen, B. Doolittle, J. Larson, Z. H. Saleem, E. Chitambar. “Inferring quantum network topology using local measurements.” PRX Quantum 4, 040347. Dec. 29, 2023. doi:10.1103/PRXQuantum.4.040347

Y. Huang, F. Salces-Carcoba, R. X. Adhikari, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, L. Jiang. “Vacuum beam guide for large-scale quantum networks.” Dec. 22, 2023. arXiv:2312.09372

J. R. Palmer, M. L. Williams, R. M. Young, K. R. Peinkofer, B. T. Phelan, M. D. Krzyaniak, M. R. Wasielewski. “Oriented triplet excitons as long-lived electron spin qutrits in a molecular donor–acceptor single cocrystal.” Journal of the American Chemical Society. Dec. 22, 2023. doi:10.1021/jacs.3c12277

K. Azuma, S. E. Economou, D. Elkouss, P. Hilaire, L. Jiang, H.-K. Lo, I. Tzitrin. “Quantum repeaters: From quantum networks to the quantum internet.” Reviews of Modern Physics 95, 045006 (2023). Dec. 20, 2023. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.95.045006

S. E. Sullivan, J. Ahn, T. Zhou, P. Saha, M. V. Holt, S. Guha, F. J. Heremans, M.K. Singh. “Quasi-deterministic localization of Er emitters in thin film TiO2 through submicron-scale crystalline phase control.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 123, 254001 (2023). Dec. 20, 2023. doi:10.1063/5.0176610

J. Li, P. Barry, T. Cecil, M. Lisovenko, V. Yefremenko, G. Wang, S. Kruhlov, G. Karapetrov, C. Chang. “Flux coupled tunable superconducting resonator.” Dec. 20, 2023. arxiv:2312.12755

B. Rana, E. G. Hohenstein, T. J. Martinez. “Simulating the excited-state dynamics of polaritons with ab initio multiple spawning.” J. Phys. Chem. A, 16, 2024, 128, 1, 139–151. Dec. 18, 2023. 10.1021/acs.jpca.3c06607

A. D’Addario, J. Kuan, N. F. Opondo, O. Erturk, T. Zhou, S. A. Bhave, M. V. Holt, G. D. Fuchs. “Stroboscopic X-ray diffraction microscopy of dynamic strain in diamond thin-film bulk acoustic resonators for quantum control of nitrogen vacancy centers.” Dec. 11, 2023. arxiv:2312.06862

D. Riedel, H. Lee, J. F. Herrmann, J. Grzesik, V. Ansari, J-M. Borit, H. S. Stokowski, S. Aghaeimeibodi, H. Lu, P. J. McQuade, N. A. Melosh, Z-X. Shen, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, J. Vuckovic. “Efficient photonic integration of diamond color centers and thin-film lithium niobate.” ACS Photonics. Dec. 4, 2023. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.3c00992

Z. Wang, M. Zhang, Y. Wong, C. Zhong, L. Jiang. “Optimized protocols for duplex quantum transduction.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 131, 220802. Nov. 30, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.220802

P. Moradifar, Y. Liu, J. Shi, M. L. S. Thurston, H. Utzat, T. B. van Driel, A. M. Lindenberg, J. A. Dionne. “Accelerating quantum materials development with advances in transmission electron microscopy.” Chem Review 123, 23, 12757–12794. Nov. 18, 2023. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.2c00917

M. Liu, C. Oh, J. Liu, L. Jiang, Y. Alexeev. “Simulating lossy Gaussian boson sampling with matrix-product operators.” Phys. Rev. A 108, 052604 (2023). Nov. 13, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.108.052604

G. Lee, C. T. Hann, S. Puri, S. M. Girvin, L. Jiang. “Error suppression for arbitrary-size black box quantum operations.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 131, 190601 (2023). Nov. 9, 2023.

N. Wagner, C. Poole, T. M. Graham, M. Saffman. “Benchmarking a neutral-atom quantum computer.” Nov. 7, 2023. arxiv:2311.04141

C. Oh, M. Liu, Y. Alexeev, B. Fefferman, L. Jiang. “Tensor network algorithm for simulating experimental Gaussian boson sampling.” Oct. 31, 2023. arXiv:2311.04141

Q. Xu, P. Zeng, D. Xu, L. Jiang. “Fault-tolerant operation of bosonic qubits with discrete-variable ancillae.” Oct. 31, 2023. arXiv:2310.20578

J. Hu, L. Yu, W. Lee, X. Chen, C. M. Mate, T. F. Heinz. “Moiré-assisted strain transfer in vertical van der Waals heterostructures.” Nano Lett., 23, 10051-10057. Oct. 30, 2023. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.3c03388

F. Rozpedek, K. P. Seshadreesan, P. Polakos, L. Jiang, S. Guha. “All-photonic Gottesman-Kitaev-Preskill–qubit repeater using analog-information-assisted multiplexed entanglement ranking.” Phys. Rev. Research 5, 043056 (2023). Oct. 18, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevResearch.5.043056

Z. Li, H. Zheng, Y. Wang, L. Jiang, Z.-W. Liu, J. Liu. “SU (d)-symmetric random unitaries: quantum scrambling, error correction, and machine learning.” Oct. 4, 2023. arXiv:2309.16556

J. Zhang, G. D. Grant, I. Masiulionis, M. T. Solomon, J. K. Bindra, J. Niklas, A. M. Dibos, O. G. Poluektov, F. J. Heremans, S. Guha, D. D. Awschalom. “Optical and spin coherence of Er3+ in epitaxial CeO2 in silicon.” Sept. 28, 2023. arxiv:22309.16785

M. T. Solomon, M. Koppenhöfer, C. Ji, G. Grant, I. Masiulionis, S. E. Sullivan, F. J. Heremans, S. Guha, D. D. Awschalom, A. A. Clerk, A. M. Dibos. “Anomalous Purcell decay of strongly driven inhomogeneous emitters coupled to a cavity.” Sept. 28, 2023. arxiv:22309.16641

C. Zhang, F. Gygi, G. Galli. “Engineering the formation of spin-defects from first principles.” Nature Communications 14, 5985 (2023). Sept. 26, 2023. doi:10.1038/s41467-023-41632-9

J. P. Covey, H. Weinfurter, H. Bernien. “Quantum networks with neutral atom processing nodes.” npj Quantum Inf 9, 90 (2023). April 4, 2023. doi:10.1038/s41534-023-00759-9

J. Liu, C. T. Hann, L. Jiang. “Data centers with quantum random access memory and quantum networks.” Phys. Rev. A 108, 032610 (2023). Sept. 20, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.108.032610

R. Emmanuele, W. Wang, E. Masson, D. J. Gosztola, T. Rajh, S. W. Hla, X. Ma. “Amplified spontaneous emission from europium-based molecular complexes coupled to photonic crystal cavities.” Appl. Phys. Lett., 123, 061106. Aug. 7, 2023. 10.1063/5.0160179

Q. Xu, G. Zheng, Y.-X. Wang, P. Zoller, A. A. Clerk, L. Jiang. “Autonomous quantum error correction and fault-tolerant quantum computation with squeezed cat qubits.” npj Quantum Information 9, 78 (2023). Aug. 8, 2023. 10.1038/s41534-023-00746-0

S. Ghosh, A. Deshpande, D. Hangleiter, A. V. Gorshkov, and B. Fefferman. “Complexity phase transitions generated by entanglement.” Physical Review Letters 131, 030601. July 23, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.030601

N. Delegan, S. J. Whiteley, T. Zhou, S. L. Bayliss, M. Titze, E. Bielejec, M. V. Holt, D. D. Awschalom, F. J. Heremans. “Deterministic nanoscale quantum spin-defect implantation and diffraction strain imaging.” Nanotechnology 34, 385001. July 3, 2023. doi:10.1088/1361-6528/acdd09

J. Rable, J. Dwivedi, N. Samarth. “Off-resonant detection of domain wall oscillations using deterministically placed nanodiamonds.” June 27, 2023. arxiv:2306.15493

P. Chiappina, J. Banker, S. Meesala, D. Lake, S. Wood, O. Painter. “Design of an ultra-low mode volume piezo-optomechanical quantum transducer.” Optics Express 31, 14. June 23, 2023. doi:10.1364/OE.493532

Y. Liu, S. C. Lau, W.-H. Cheng, A. Johnson, Q. Li, E. Simmerman, O. Karni, J. Hu, F. Liu, M. L. Brongersma, T. F. Heinz, J. A. Dionne. “Controlling valley-specific light emission from monolayer MoS2 with achiral dielectric metasurfaces.” Nano. Lett. 23, 6124-31. June 22, 2023. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.3c01630

E. I. Rosenthal, C. P. Anderson, H. C. Kleidermacher, A. J. Stein, H. Lee, J. Grzesik, G. Scuri, A. E. Rugar, D. Riedel, S. Aghaeimeibodi, G. H. Ahn, K. Van Gasse, J. Vuckovic. “Microwave spin control of a tin-vacancy qubit in diamond.” June 22, 2023. arxiv:2306.13199

A. Bozkurt, H. Zhao, C. Joshi, H. G. LeDuc, P. K. Day, M. Mirhosseini. “A quantum electromechanical interface for long-lived phonons.” Nature Physics. June 22, 2023. doi:0.1038/s41567-023-02080-w

A. Gatto Lamas, E. Chitambar. “Multipartite nonlocality in Clifford networks.” Physical Review Letters 130, 240802. June 15, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.240802

H. S. Stokowski, T. P. McKenna, T. Park, A. Y. Hwang, D. J. Dean, O. T. Celik, V. Ansari, M. J. Fejer, A. H. Safavi-Naeini. “Integrated quantum optical phase sensor in thin film lithium niobate.” Nat Commun 14, 3355 (2023). June 8, 2023. doi:10.1038/s41467-023-38246-6

X. Guo, M. Xie, A. Addhya, A. Linder, U. Zvi, T. D. Deshmukh, Y. Liu, I. N. Hammock, Z. Li, C. T. DeVault, A. Butcher, A. P. Esser-Kahn, D. D. Awschalom, N. Delegan, P. C. Maurer, F. J. Heremans, A. A. High. “Direct-bonded diamond membranes for heterogeneous quantum and electronic technologies.” June 7, 2023. arxiv:2306.04408

A. Mitra, M. R. Hermes, L. Gagliardi. “Density matrix embedding using multiconfiguration pair-density functional theory.” J. Chem. Theory Comput. June 6, 2023. doi:10.1021/acs.jctc.3c00247

K. Singh, C. E. Bradley, S. Anand, V. Ramesh, R. White, H. Bernien. “Mid-circuit correction of correlated phase errors using an array of spectator qubits.” Science, 380, 6647. May 25, 2023. doi:10.1126/science.ade5337

W. Huie, L. Li, N. Chen, X. Hu, Z. Jia, W. K. C. Sun, J. P. Covey. “Repetitive readout and real-time control of nuclear spin qubits in 171Yb atoms.” May 25, 2023. arxiv:2305.02926

R. M. Kroeze, B. P. Marsh, K.-Y. Lin, J. Keeling, B. L. Lev. “High cooperativity using a confocal-cavity–QED microscope.” PRX Quantum 4, 020326. May 11, 2023. doi:10.1103/PRXQuantum.4.020326

C. Whisler, G. Holdman, D. D. Yavuz, V. W. Brar. “Enhancing two-photon spontaneous emission in rare earths using graphene and graphene nanoribbons.” Physical Review B, 107, 195420. May 10, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.107.195420

J. A. Michaels, N. Delegan, Y. Tsaturyan, J. R. Renzas, D. D. Awschalom, J. G. Eden, F. J. Heremans. “Bias-pulsed atomic layer etching of 4H-silicon carbide producing subangstrom surface roughness.” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, 41, 032607. May 5, 2023. doi:10.1116/6.0002447

S. Haldar, A. Mitra, M. Hermes, L. Gagliardi. “Local excitations of a charged nitrogen vacancy in diamond with multireference density matrix embedding theory.” J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 14, 18, 4273–4280. May 1, 2023. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.3c00551

J. Liu, K. Najafi, K. Sharma, F. Tacchino, L. Jiang, A. Mezzacapo. “Analytic theory for the dynamics of wide quantum neural networks.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 130, 150601 (2023). April 10, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.150601

H. Patil, P. Li, J. Liu, H. Zhou. “Folding-free ZNE: a comprehensive quantum zero-noise extrapolation approach for mitigating depolarizing and decoherence noise.” April 8, 2023. arXiv:2305.00622

D. T. Chen, E. H. Hansen, X. Li, V. Kulkarni, V. Chaudhary, B. Ren, Q. Guan, S. Kuppannagari, J. Liu, S. Xu. “Efficient quantum circuit cutting by neglecting basis elements.” April 8, 2023. arXiv:2304.04093

S. Aaronson, A. Bouland, B. Fefferman, S. Ghosh, U. Vazirani, C. Zhang, Z. Zhou. “Quantum pseudoentanglement.” April 7, 2023. arXiv:2211.00747

J. Shi, Y. Shen, F. Pan, W. Sun, A. Mangu, C. Shi, A. McKeown-Green, P. Moradifar, M. G. Bawendi, W. E. Moerner, J. A. Dionne, F. Liu, A. M. Lindenberg. “Solution-phase single-particle spectroscopy for probing multi-polaronic dynamics in quantum emitters at femtosecond resolution.” April 3, 2023. arXiv:2304.00735

T. M. Graham, L. Phuttitarn, R. Chinnarasu, Y. Song, C. Poole, K. Jooya, J. Scott, A. Scott, P. Eichler, M. Saffman. “Mid-circuit measurements on a neutral atom quantum processor.” March 23, 2023. arxiv:2303.10051

C. Zhong, C. Oh, L. Jiang. “Information transmission with continuous variable quantum erasure channels.” Quantum 7, 939 (2023). March 6, 2023. doi:10.22331/q-2023-03-06-939

M. Koppenhöfer, C. Padgett, J. V. Cady, V. Dharod, H. Oh, Ania C. Bleszynski Jayich, A. A. Clerk. “Single-spin readout and quantum sensing using optomechanically induced transparency.” Physical Review Letters, 130, 093603. March 3, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.093603

B. Huang, N. Sheng, M. Govoni, G. Galli. “Quantum simulations of fermionic Hamiltonians with efficient encoding and ansatz schemes.” Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, 19, 5, 1487–1498. Feb. 15, 2023. doi:10.1021/acs.jctc.2c01119

H. Kwon, C. Oh, Y. Lim, H. Jeong, L. Jiang. “Efficacy of virtual purification-based error mitigation on quantum metrology.” Phys. Rev. A 109, 022410 (2024). Feb. 8, 2023. doi:0.1103/PhysRevA.109.022410

A. Gonzales, R. Shaydulin, Z. H. Saleem, M. Suchara. “Quantum error mitigation by Pauli check sandwiching.” Nature Scientific Reports 13, 2122. Feb. 6, 2023. doi:10.1038/s41598-023-28109-x

J. Liu, M. Bowman, P. Gokhale, S. Dangwal, J. Larson, F. T. Chong, P. D. Hovland. “QContext: Context-aware decomposition for quantum gates.” Feb. 3, 2023. arXiv:2302.02003

C. Oh, L. Jiang, B. Fefferman. “Spoofing cross entropy measure in boson sampling.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 131, 010401. July 6, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.010401

C. Oh, L. Jiang, B. Fefferman. “On classical simulation algorithms for noisy boson sampling.” Jan. 27, 2023. arXiv:2301.11532

Q. Xu, N. Mannucci, A. Seif, A. Kubica, S. T. Flammia, L. Jiang. “Tailored XZZX codes for biased noise.” Phys. Rev. Research 5, 013035 (2023). Jan. 23, 2023. doi:10.1103/PhysRevResearch.5.013035

A. Seif, Z. P. Cian, S. Zhou, S. Chen, L. Jiang, L. “Shadow distillation: quantum error mitigation with classical shadows for near-term quantum processors.” PRX Quantum 4, 010303. Jan. 9, 2023. doi:10.1103/PRXQuantum.4.010303

D. T. Chen, Z. H. Saleem, M. A. Perlin. “Quantum divide and conquer for classical shadows.” Jan. 9, 2023. arXiv:2212.00761

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J. Rovny, Z. Yuan, M. Fitzpatrick, A. I. Abdalla, L. Futamura, C. Fox, M. C. Cambria, S. Kolkowitz, N. P. De Leon. “Nanoscale covariance magnetometry with diamond quantum sensors.” Science, 378, 6626. Dec. 22, 2022. doi:10.1126/science.ade9858

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